Treaty of Waitangi Settlement
Tūpuna Maunga returned to Mana Whenua
In 2014, thirteen mana whenua iwi and hapū (Māori tribes) of Tāmaki Makaurau / Auckland collectively settled historic Treaty of Waitangi breaches with the Crown and secured the returned ownership of fourteen Tūpuna Maunga (ancestral mountains). This redress was a turning point in the history of these iconic taonga (treasures), recognising their cultural and spiritual significance to the Mana Whenua tribes and setting the stage for their restoration and protection from further degradation.
The fourteen Tūpuna Maunga are:
- Matukutūruru / Wiri Mountain
- Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill
- Maungarei / Mount Wellington
- Maungauika / North Head
- Maungawhau / Mount Eden
- Ōhinerau / Mount Hobson
- Ōhuiarangi / Pigeon Mountain
- Ōtāhuhu / Mount Richmond
- Ōwairaka / Te Ahi-kā-a-Rakataura / Mount Albert
- Pukewīwī / Puketāpapa / Mount Roskill
- Rarotonga / Mount Smart
- Takarunga / Mount Victoria
- Te Kōpuke / Tītīkōpuke / Mount St John
- Te Tātua a Riukiuta / Big King
Māngere Mountain and the Maungakiekie / One Tree Hill northern land ownership remains with the Crown but are administered through the Tūpuna Maunga Authority for the purposes of the Reserves Act 1977.
Negotiations between the thirteen iwi and hapū of Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau (also known as the Tāmaki Collective) and the Crown on the ownership of the Tūpuna Maunga commenced in July 2009.
In September 2012, following agreement by the thirteen iwi and hapū, the Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau Collective Redress Deed of Settlement was signed.
Two years later in July 2014, the Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau Collective Redress Act was passed and the transfer of ownership back to Mana Whenua was confirmed.
The Act determines that the maunga are to be held in trust for the common benefit of the thirteen iwi and hapū of Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau and the other people of Auckland. The maunga remain public reserves under the Reserves Act 1977.
The return of the maunga and the establishment of the Tūpuna Taonga Trust and Tūpuna Maunga Authority were a focal point and essential outcome of the Treaty of Waitangi negotiations between the Crown and Mana Whenua.
The thirteen iwi and hapū of Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau are:
Ngāti Maru, Ngāti Pāoa, Ngāti Tamaterā, Ngāti Whanaunga, Te Patukirikiri
Ngāti Whātua Rōpū
Ngāti Whātua o Kaipara, Ngāti Whātua Ōrākei, Te Rūnanga o Ngāti Whātua
Waiohua Tāmaki Rōpū
Ngāi Tai ki Tāmaki, Ngāti Tamaoho, Ngāti Te Ata, Te Ākitai Waiohua, Te Kawerau ā Maki
Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau Collective Redress Act 2014
Ngā Mana Whenua o Tāmaki Makaurau Collective Redress Deed of Settlement